Currency, Jewellery and Industrial Applications
Desired for its beauty and scarcity gold has adorned mankind through the ages and
has played an integral role in the monetary system for nearly as long. Its unique
properties also make it ideal for many technological and scientific applications in
the modern economy.
Wherever found, gold has always been fashioned into jewellery to be worn as a
status symbol or given as a sign of love to be passed on from one generation to the
next. The earliest gold jewellery dates from around 6,000 years ago and today its
production consumes 60% of the gold mined.
Prior to 2000 BC gold weights were used to trade in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Anatolia
and China and it has been a medium of exchange and integral part of the global
monetary system since. While inflation steadily erodes the value of the world’s
currencies, gold has demonstrated its role as a store of wealth, maintaining its
purchasing power over the years. Contributing to its allure as a medium of
exchange is its scarcity and the fact that it does not corrode or tarnish and is highly
malleable. As no-one’s liability gold lacks credit risk and can provide a crisis hedge
to preserve wealth through financial turmoil.